7 de Abril 1983 Dia da Mulher Moçambicana
7 of April 1983. Day of the Mozambican Woman.
WOMEN IN MOZAMBIQUE
The liberation of women is a fundamental necessity for the Revolution, the guarantee of its continuity and the precondition for its victory...How can the Revolution triumph without the liberation of women? Will it be possible to get rid of the system of exploitation while keeping one part of society exploited?...If more than half the exploited and oppressed people consist of women, how can they be left on the fringe of the struggle? To make a revolution it is necessary to mobilize all the exploited and oppressed, and consequently women as well.
During the war for liberation (1964-1975) from 400 years of Portuguese colonialism, Mozambican women served as armed combatants and as political organizers. After independence in June 1975, the Organization of Mozambican Women (Organizacao das Mulheres Mocambicanas - OMM) mobilized to promote women's rights at home, in the work place and within the government. Many women began training for previously all‑male jobs: auto mechanics, tractor drivers, machine operators. Child marriages and bride prices were outlawed. Child care centers were established by the workers in most factories so mothers could take time off for breast feeding during the day. Literacy classes were formed in factories, on the farms, and even in the marketplace. At noon and after work, thousands learned to read and write, in a concentrated effort to eradicate the 95% illiteracy rate inherited at independence.